Types of wood:

Pressure treated wood


Softwood comes from conifers such as pine and fir. Conifers grow quickly, so they are relatively economical. As the name suggests, this type of wood is easy to work with.

  • Pine is probably the most easily recognizable wood due to its characteristic dull color and dark wood knots. Being a conifer from the temperate climates of the northern hemisphere, its versatility makes it a popular choice.
  • Spruce . Spruce, like pine, is a widely used conifer. Spruce wood dries in the same way as pine, but it cracks and warps less as it dries. Visually, spruce wood is more uniform than pine. Its light shade is not very attractive and stands out, but if left outside will turn a beautiful silvery gray over time.

After impregnation, pine and spruce boards are available in green and brown.

Advantages: affordable price, ease of processing, durability. Keeps shape well.

Disadvantages:   shorter service life compared to other wooden options.

Larch


Larch is commonly used as an alternative to pressure treated decking. Larch is a very strong and durable wood. Visually, resinous wood is difficult to distinguish from pine, because freshly sawn wood, however, quickly turns brown, becomes reddish-brown, later brownish-gray under the influence of the atmosphere. In terms of color, larch can be divided into at least 12 shades and in this respect it is superior to such big trees as oak, sea buckthorn, ash and maple. The color range varies from off-white with a slight yellow tinge to a dark reddish-brown shade. But the main tone is amber. The surface has a silky sheen.

  • Siberian larch is a wood that is very resistant to rotting and blueing. By European standards, Siberian larch belongs to the group of very durable trees. Siberian larch is a natural antiseptic material that, impregnated with special resin, is resistant to insect and worm attacks. In addition, it can be used without any chemical treatment in situations where other types of wood are susceptible to rot. In terms of durability, larch wood can be compared to oak wood, and compared to pine wood, it is 40% more flexible and 50% more impact resistant. The fire resistance of Siberian larch is also twice that of pine. The wood of the Siberian larch is very beautiful - it has a reddish tint, the annual rings are brightly colored, clearly visible in any cut and therefore looks like a red oak tree. Larch will serve you 2-3 times longer than other conifers, and without additional chemical treatment, while for other tree species such treatment will be mandatory, so it is not necessary to anesthetize or impregnate the material of larch, and also take into account the fact that due to the density of larch, its wood is very bad absorbs impregnation.

Benefits : An environmentally friendly alternative to pressure treated wood. Larch material is the best cost-effective solution compared to other hardwoods and hardwoods in terms of sustainability, quality, ecology and appearance.

Disadvantages: higher price compared to other softwood materials.

Thermally treated wood


Thermally treated wood is an environmentally friendly and economical alternative to tropical wood.

  • For the production of thermal wood - pines, spruce and deciduous trees, such as ash, birch and others, are most often used. Wood can be pre-dried or moistened before heat treatment. Due to the greatly reduced amount of rot-feeding hemicellulose, the wood becomes more resistant to rot and lasts five times longer than untreated wood. At a lower equilibrium moisture content, the radial and tangential deformation of the wood is also reduced, allowing longer and wider materials to be used. The wood acquires color along its entire length, and the color change depends on the length of treatment, temperature and type of wood, but the color can range from light brown to chestnut or even mocha. Due to its properties, the material is well suited for terrace decks.

Advantages: keeps its shape well, easy to process, environmentally friendly.

Disadvantages: The surface is a little more fragile and can crack. During assembly, it is necessary to use stainless steel screws pre-drilled.

Wood composite material


Wood composites are products made from recycled plastic mixed with wood powder or cellulose. The range has a wide price range and is available in a wide range of sizes, colors and compositions.

Advantages: does not require care, slips less, keeps its shape well. The material retains its color and is generally easy to work with.

Disadvantages: the material can heat up in direct sunlight, causing discomfort when walking, the material scratches easily, and the color fades a little over the years.

Hardwood


Hardwood is not a type of wood, but a general name for hardwood. Hardwoods also include exclusive tropical woods such as teak, bangkirai, cumaru, jatoba and ipe.

Oak

  • The oak tree, with its unique leaves and acorns, is one of the most famous trees on our earth. This European hardwood can be recognized by its light golden hue, straight grain and uneven grain. It differs from most other deciduous trees in that it has fewer branches and is denser than conifers such as pine. stable, durable wood with natural flexibility.
Teak tree

  • This hard and durable wood has a high content of natural oils, which makes it waterproof and an ideal material for garden furniture. As the oil dries, the wood ages and turns light gray over time.

Red tree

  • Mahogany is a tropical hardwood prized for its consistent color and grain beauty. This wood is often associated with a dark red finish, which is the result of an epoxy resin stain. The natural color of mahogany is pink-brown.
Walnut

  • Straight-grained hardwood can range in color from brown to yellow. The color of the wood is difficult to distinguish from the shade of mahogany. It is very similar to hardwood, which is usually associated with a slightly darker shade of red. Similarities also mean that the treatment of both types of wood is largely the same.

Advantages: solid and high-quality wood that does not require special care.  

Disadvantages: These types of wood are usually more expensive. Screw installation requires pre-drilling, and wood causes a lot of tool wear. Many exotic tree species are classified as endangered species.

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